Trier, Germany’s oldest city.

Trier, Germany

Trier in the Rhineland-Palatinate, is Germany’s oldest city, dating back to Roman times, founded in or before 16 BC, it houses the oldest seat of a Christian bishop north of the Alps as well as having the honour to say The Archbishop was one of the seven electors of the Holy Roman Empire. This honour goes some way to explain the great architecture that is scattered throughout the city. Trier became a favoured residence of several Roman emperors, including Constantine the Great, the first Christian emperor. The Cathedral Constantine built in Trier in 326 AD is Germany’s oldest.  Trier lies on the banks of the River Moselle, near the Luxembourg border,  in a valley and surrounded by vine covered hillsides and within the Mosel wine  region.It is overlooked by Triers highest building, the Marian Column which is a memorial in honour of Mary, the mother of Jesus.   Trier is well known for its preserved Roman and Medieval buildings and  boasts  eight world heritage sights which puts it on the same level as some Italian Cities for classical heritage. Since 1970 Trier has been a University City which keeps the city vibrant and youthful,  and has around 100,000 inhabitants.  Trier is an international city with European flair, in summer it’s lively hustle and bustle brings alive the streets which are filled with visitors and locals alike, filling the  outdoor seats of the cafes and taverns. The gardens and parks are also filled with people strolling , sitting or just soaking up the sunshine and scenery. Trier’s market square (Hauptmarkt) is one of the prettiest in Germany, filled with fruit stands, flowers, painted facades, and fountains. Large numbers of Catholic pilgrims come each year to Trier to pay homage at the Relic of the Holy Robe which is housed in the Dom of St Peter and also at the tomb of St Matthias in the Basilica St Matthias. Trier is also one of the five cities on the German pilgrimage route. Annual events in Trier include each summer Trier hosting Germany’s biggest Roman festival, Brot und Spiele (German for Bread and Games – i.e. a translation of the famous Latin phrase panem et circenses from the satires of Juvenal). Also Trier has been the base for the German round of the World Rally Championship since 2000, with the rally’s presentation held next to the Porta Nigra. Trier holds a lavish Christmas street festival every year called the Trier Christmas Market on the Hauptmarkt (Main Market Square) and the Domfreihof in front of the Cathedral of Trier. There is a very good Reisemobil  Stellplatz- Camperstop – Aires- across the Mosel River which affords great views across the river of the City of Trier. Situated along the river bank, there are good facilities on the site and it is within walking distance of the sights and shops of the city. A barrier gives security to the site and pitches are well marked and have water and electricity. Showers are also available and the walkways are lit up by night.

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Main Sights not to be missed in Trier.

  The Eight World Heritage Sights

The Porta Nigra, Trier

The Porta Nigra in Trier(Latin for black gate) is a large Roman city gate in Trier, Germany. It is today the largest Roman city gate north of the Alps and has been designated a World Heritage Site. The name Porta Nigra originated in the Middle Ages due to the darkened color of its stone; the original Roman name has not been preserved. Locals commonly refer to the Porta Nigra simply as Porta……

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The Cathedral of Saint Peter, Trier

The Cathedral of Saint Peter in Trier (German: Trierer Dom) is a church in Trier, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is the oldest cathedral in the country. The edifice is notable for its extremely long life span under multiple different eras each contributing some elements to its design, including the center of the main chapel being made of Roman brick laid under the direction of Saint Helen, resulting in a cathedral added on to gradually rather than rebuilt in different eras…….

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The Church of Our Lady, Trier

The Church of Our Lady Trier- The 13th Century Gothic style Church of Our Lady – Liebfrauenkirche – is separated from Trier Cathedral only by a narrow passageway. Building began in 1235 and construction was completed in 1260, it was built on the southern section of  the Roman double church and is a single nave building. The entrance of the Church of Our Lady  with its sculptural ornamentation shows scenes from the Old Testament and the Annunciation. …….

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Constantine Basilica

Constantine Basilica in Trier. The Evangelical Lutheran Church in the city of Trier and was a Roman palace hall, it houses the largest single space in the ancient world. The church is located in the middle of a 700 m long low terrace, extending from Church of Our Lady  and  over to the palace hall andto the Imperial Baths in the south. The interior of the building is 67 meters long, 27.2 meters wide and 33 meters high. Since 1986 it has been a UNESCO world heritage site….

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The Imperial Baths, Trier

The Imperial Baths – Kaiserthermen -in Trier are the remains of the largest surviving Roman Baths outside Rome.  Construction of the Imperial Baths began before 300 and the work can be attributed to Emperor Constantius I who moved his residence to Trier. Existing houses were demolished to make space for the building works. In 316 work came to a halt and unfortunately the baths were never completed…….

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The Barbara Baths, Trier

The Barbara Baths –Barbarathermen –  in Trier were built in the second century and were at that time the second largest of the Roman baths, only the baths of the Emperor Trajan in Rome were larger. The  Barbara Baths derived their name from a medieval suburb. The Barbara Baths were a part of a larger section of public buildings which were built around the same time…….

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Roman Amphitheatre, Trier

The Roman Amphitheatre in Trier dates back to the first century AD and stands near to the Roman Imperial Baths. The Amphitheatre, like the Imperial Baths, was a popular social meeting place. The word “Amphitheatre” , first used in Roman times, means “stands on all sides”. Spectators within the Amphitheatre are able to watch from all sides in contrast to the Ancient Greek Theatres……….

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Further Noteworthy Sights

Hauptmarkt – Main Market, Trier

Hauptmarkt – Main Market  in Trier – After the Viking destruction of 882, the archbishop moved the market from the river to the present site, the Market Cross still commemorates this event from 958. The original of the cross is in the Municipal Museum; the column shaft is a recycled granite column from the Roman Cathedral. The Market Fountain from 1595 shows St. Peter,……

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Viehmarkt Square, Trier

Viehmarkt Square in Trier – With its modern design, the Viehmarkt, the old livestock market, is located near the former Roman city center, the forum, where the weekly farmers’ market is held Tuesdays and Fridays. Two ancient Roman streets are marked in the paving, a cardo and a decumanus, along with a plaque commemorating the founding of the city under Emperor Augustus around 17 BC…..

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Jews’ Alley – Judengasse, Trier

Shortly before the market, Jews’ Alley – Judengasse in Trier on the right leads into the former medieval Jewish Quarter. Locally produced weights with Hebrew inscriptions show that there were Jews in Trier as early as the first or second century. Starting with the eleventh century, we have records of a Jewish community in Trier, and in 1235 four Jews had four houses built on the left of the later Judengasse…….

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Old Harbour Cranes, Trier

Old Harbour Cranes in Trier – On the banks of the Moselle, you can view two monuments to the remarkable technology of the past: two loading cranes, both bearing witness to the former lively trade on the river. ………..

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St. Mary’s Column, Trier

St. Mary’s ColumnSt Mary’s Column – Mariensäule in Trier – towers over the city of Trier from the highest point of the sandstone hill of the Markusberg on the west side of the Mosel River. The crowned statue of St Mary, standing on a pillar 40 metres (130ft) high, has been located here since 1860……..

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The Electoral Palace, Trier

The Electoral Palace –  The Rococo facade of the Electoral Palace  in Trier was commissioned by the Archbishop and elector of Trier Johann Philipp von Walderdorff in the 18th century. The gable of the Palace features classical gods and mythological figures……..

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House of the Three Magi, Trier

House of the Three Magi – Dreikönigenhaus in Trier – situated along Simeonstraβe, is an unusual house whose colours seem almost oriental. This house has had this name since the 17th century. The original house was built in the early 13th century – a mix between Romanesque and Gothic…….

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Christmas in Trier                                                  

Chritmas in Trier. Romantic and pensive Christmas atmosphere: Where could you better get in the mood for Christmas than at one of the loveliest Christmas markets in Germany?  The enchanting Trier Christmas Market takes place in Germany’s oldest city on the medieval Main Market and in front of the imposing backdrop of the Trier Cathedral…..

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Reviews

USA Tour 2012

An RV Tour of some of the National and State Parks in the USA 26th April – 15th June 2012 Sent in by Joan & Malcolm, UK The beginning of the tour was late at night when we arrived at the hotel in Portland, Oregon. Our taxi driver warned us not to walk out in […]